Consists of rare remains of plants and animals that lived on our planet from the Archaean to the Quaternary. The Paleozoological Collection mainly documents an evolution of life, supported by fossils (Foraminiferans, sponges, corals, worms, molluscs, brachiopods, bryozoans, arthropods, echinoderms, graptolites and vertebrates) from Slovak as well as world sites. Special are findings of cave bears, cave hyenas and numerous osteological material of forest marten from Slovak caves. A unique item of world importatnce is a pachypleurosaur skeleton. It is the first found quadruped skeleton from the Mesosoic Era and the oldest known vertebrate from territory of Slovakia. The second unique collection is a skull of cave lion (Panthera spelaea), which together with the osteological material found in a cave got into collections thanks to the enthusiasm of speleologists from Liptovský Trnovec. These are remains of an adult lion male, that have been processed to a nearly complete skeleton. Both unique collections are now installed in the new paleontological museum exhibition.
A less numerous Paleobotanic Collection includes an evidence of existence of various botanical species in the territory of former Czechoslovakia. It is based on the collection from time of Ján Volko-Starohorský. It contains root fragments, leaf imprints and vascular bundles in various rocks, as well as petrified woods. The fossils are representatives of various plant communities, they have a great importance for the interpretation of natural conditions, and are unique proofs of the existence of some extinct flora species.
Curator: Mgr. Tomáš Čeklovský, PhD.